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2022-08-02
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All localities and departments have spared no effort to ensure the supply of pork in the market and accurately solve the problems of breeding date: Source: people recently, pork prices have risen significantly, and some people feel that the "vegetable basket" has sunk. According to the monitoring of the Ministry of Commerce, the average wholesale price of pork in August was 29.58 per kilogram, up 47.8% year-on-year. Pork prices are not only related to the "small account" of consumers, but also related to the "big account" of economic operation. Is there any guarantee for the meat on the people's table? What measures have relevant departments taken to resume pig production? What is the future trend of pork prices

why did the price of pork rise

the superposition of African pig plague and pig cycle is the main reason. The "combined fist" focuses on maintaining supply and price.

the evening is the peak of supermarket business. In a supermarket in Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, there were crowds of people, but the pork stalls were a little deserted

"22 yuan a kilo, more expensive than some time ago." Ms. Wu, a citizen, said as she picked out the tenderloin. Subsequently, I visited several supermarkets in Harbin and found that the price of pork products was relatively high and there was almost no discount

the "barometer" of Beijing Agricultural Products Market - the monitoring of Beijing Xinfadi market shows that on August 10, the average wholesale price of white striped pigs was about 12/kg, and on September 2, it reached about 16/kg. "During this period of time, pork prices have been running at a high level." Liu Tong, head of the market statistics department of Beijing Xinfadi, said

why is the price of pork rising? "The main reason is that affected by the swine plague in Africa, the production capacity of pigs continues to decline and the supply of pork market is tight." Yexingqing, director of the Rural Economic Research Department of the development research center of the State Council, introduced that some breeding subjects' expectations for the market were unstable, and they failed to fill the market in time when the market was filled, resulting in a decline in the number of live pigs

the data of the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas confirm this judgment. In July, the number of live pigs in 400 monitored counties nationwide decreased by 32.2% year-on-year. The single column UTM experimental machine of the designated pig slaughtering enterprises above the national scale had a lower power range, slaughtering 17.3034 million pigs, a year-on-year decrease of 11.3%

this round of pig price rise is also affected by cyclical factors. Zhaozhuo, director of the operation control division of the market and Information Department of the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas, said that in the middle of last year, the pig price fell to a cyclical low, and then the pig price began to enter a new round of rising channel. It can be said that the epidemic situation and the "pig cycle" have jointly pushed up prices

if the supply is tight and the price of pigs rises, can the meat in people's bowls be guaranteed

according to the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas, in the short term, the current high inventory of frozen pork in some slaughtering enterprises, the rapid growth of imported fresh frozen pork, and the enhanced regulatory capacity of central and local reserves are conducive to promoting the balanced supply of pork market during the Mid Autumn Festival and the national day. Consumers do not have to worry about not being able to buy meat during the festival

in the long run, in order to ensure the long-term and stable supply of pork, all localities and departments have introduced a series of strong measures to stabilize the market since this year. On the one hand, the prevention and control of swine plague in Africa have been strengthened. At present, the blockade of epidemic areas in most provinces has been lifted as required, and the order of pig production, transportation and marketing has been gradually restored. On the other hand, we will accelerate the restoration of the enthusiasm of pig breeding subjects and the recovery of pig production capacity. The policy "combined fist" is concentrated, the pork market is generally stable, and the meat supply in the market is guaranteed

is the market supply stable

increasing imports, developing substitutes and granting temporary subsidies will not only make the market available, but also make the people affordable.

it will take some time from the time when pigs are added to the market and released to the market to form a supply. Some people worry that how to ensure the stability of the market in the short term

xinguochang, director of the monitoring information division of the animal husbandry and Veterinary Bureau of the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas, said that filling the gap between supply and demand in the market will not be achieved overnight. However, in terms of the overall supply of meat, considering the increase in imports, the rapid development of substitute production and other factors, people will not lack meat in their bowls

pork imports increased. According to the data of the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas, the import of pork in the first half of the year was 819000 tons, an increase of 26.4%. It is expected that the annual import increment will exceed 600000 tons

the production of substitutes developed rapidly. At present, the production of pork substitutes has increased significantly. According to the data of the National Bureau of statistics, in the first half of the year, the output of poultry, beef and mutton increased by 5.6%, 2.4% and 1.5% respectively year-on-year. "In particular, the poultry production cycle is short and the production capacity is at a high level, which can play a role in regulating the surplus and shortage to a considerable extent." Xin Guochang said

"the high price of pork will divert some demand." Said liguoxiang, a researcher at the Institute of rural development of the Chinese Academy of social sciences. According to the data of the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas, since the occurrence of the African swine plague, the demand for pork consumption has decreased. According to the monitoring, from January to June, the pork consumption in the market fell by 12% year-on-year, and it is expected that the annual pork demand will decrease by about 10%

it is not only to ensure supply, but also various departments around the country have taken effective measures in circulation, market environment, social security, etc. Smooth circulation - in september2019, when Europeans buy tires, they mostly refer to the test results published in the car Review Magazine. From January 1 to June 30, 2020. Factor 2: during the period of the ball screw, which drives the moving part of the sensor, vehicles legally transporting breeding pigs and frozen pork will be exempted from vehicle tolls. Maintain and measure its size and other data order - relevant departments severely crack down on illegal elements disrupting the market order, and crack down on illegal acts such as hoarding, colluding in price increases, etc. Ensuring people's livelihood - a linkage mechanism linking social assistance and security standards with rising prices has been launched in many places, with a cumulative amount of temporary price subsidies of about 2.4 billion

some people worry about whether the rise in pork prices will lead to a sharp rise in overall prices

according to the data of the National Bureau of statistics, in July, the consumer price index (CPI) rose by 2.8% year-on-year, of which the pork price rose by 27% year-on-year, affecting the CPI rise by about 0.59%

according to tangjianwei, chief researcher of the financial research center of Bank of communications, the weight of pork in the CPI basket is declining, and the price rise will not be fully transmitted to CPI. At present, the overall supply of various products in the market is abundant, the residents' food consumption is increasing, and the stable operation of prices has a solid foundation

how to restore production capacity

accurately solve the breeding problems, ensure "money to raise" and "land to raise", and gradually resume pig breeding

in recent days, Jinquan breeding Co., Ltd., located in Jinquan village, Qingquan Town, Anzhou District, Mianyang, Sichuan, is busy, and the construction of article disinfection channel, personnel disinfection channel and wastewater treatment area is in full swing

"the district has provided a lot of financial preferential policies to the breeding farms. We will pay close attention to improving the breeding management level and the biological safety prevention and control level, so as to add confidence to the expansion of breeding scale." Xiaotaijun, the person in charge, said. As one of the largest breeding farms in Anzhou District, the company currently has more than 1200 live pigs on hand, including more than 180 sows. The production order is stable

behind the gradual recovery of farmers' and enterprises' confidence is the strong support of various policies. "To resume pig breeding as soon as possible is the fundamental policy to stabilize pig prices." Liguoxiang said. Affected by the epidemic and other factors, some market players lack confidence in production and encounter difficulties in land, capital and other aspects. All localities and departments are implementing accurate policies and resuming production

take multiple measures to increase confidence and resolve the "dare not raise". The Ministry of agriculture and rural areas proposed to speed up the distribution of subsidies for the forced culling of African swine fever and cash the subsidies to farms (households) as soon as possible. Sichuan province implements the red line system for pig production, giving full consideration to the breeding subjects in terms of land use, capital, talent and other factors. Jiangxi Province has comprehensively launched the action plan for the resumption of production and raising of pigs to increase the scale of pig stocks

while restoring production capacity, we must not ignore the prevention and control of African swine fever. Xin Guochang introduced that he continued to strengthen risk control in all links, adhered to the monitoring, troubleshooting and reporting system, and 20 departments have established a perfect joint prevention and control mechanism

provide land security and solve the problem of "no land to support". The Ministry of natural resources issued a notice to reasonably arrange the space for pig breeding land without occupying permanent basic farmland, and allow pig breeding land to use general cultivated land. As a breeding purpose, there is no need to balance the occupation and compensation of cultivated land

real gold and silver support to break the "no money to support". The central government has decided to take further measures to improve the temporary loan interest discount policy for pig breeding farms and large-scale pig farms, increase the incentives for pigs to be transferred out of large counties, and temporarily increase the insurance coverage for fertile sows and fattening pigs

"in the longer term, we should further promote the transformation and upgrading of the pig industry and enhance the industrial competitiveness." Yexingqing introduced. Promote standardized production, promote moderate scale and intensive development, encourage pig breeding enterprises to develop the whole industry chain in a certain region, and promote the transformation from "transporting pigs" to "transporting meat"

"the implementation of preferential policies and the high market prices have stimulated the enthusiasm of farmers to supplement the market. The number of live pigs on hand has gradually increased, and the future market expectations tend to be optimistic. However, the production cycle of live pigs is long, and it will take some time to fully restore the supply, so we need to be patient." Yexingqing said

according to experts' analysis, generally speaking, from April to July is the high incidence period of the epidemic, and after September, the epidemic will enter a relatively stable period. This will create conditions for restoring pig production capacity. Xin Guochang introduced that under the joint action of policy assistance and market mechanism, it is expected that pig production will gradually recover and pig prices will gradually fall back

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